The metabolism of amino acids can be divided into two and they are ketogenic amino acids and glucogenic amino acids. While some amino acids fall under ketogenic amino acids, some fall under glucogenic amino acids; some are called glucogenic-ketogenic amino acids. Here we will answer the question; is glucose an amino acid?
What Are Amino Acids?
Amino acids are the building block of proteins and they can be used in boosting the growth of your muscle, and they play other vital roles in the body. It can also improve your performance during workouts. There are essential amino acids and nonessential acids. Amino acids contain carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen. Your body produces 20 amino acids to function properly. Of all the 20 amino acids only nine are essential and they are valine, methionine, lysine, histidine, threonine, leucine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, and isoleucine.
Your body cannot produce essential amino acids so you need to get them from your diet like eggs, poultry, and meat. The breakdown of protein after consuming food rich in protein is known as amino acids. Amino acids can also be metabolized to produce energy for the body. The metabolism of amino acids is in two forms which are ketogenic amino acids and glucogenic amino acids. If your food has all the essential amino acids in it, then it is considered as a food with complete proteins.
Amino acids can be a source of energy when converted to glucose. They are converted to glucose through a process called gluconeogenesis. Amino acids in the body are converted to glucose when you are fasting or when you have not eaten for hours. This is more common for those who practice intermittent fasting for weight loss.
The importance of amino acids in the body cannot be underrated. If the amino acids in your body are up to the normal level it can lead to amino acid deficiency. That is why it is important to eat a balanced diet and you can also take supplements if you know that your diet is not rich in the required amino acids.
Essential amino acids help in building your muscle and regulating the function of our immune system. You need to get the essential amino acids from your diet to get the functions. Below are the daily allowances for the essential amino acids per 1kg.
- Histidine: 14 mg
- Isoleucine: 19 mg
- Leucine: 38 mg
- Valine: 24 mg
- Threonine: 20 mg
- Methionine: 19 mg
- Lysine: 38 mg
- Tryptophan: 5 mg
- Phenylalanine: 33 mg
What Is Glucose?
Glucose can also be called blood sugar. Glucose is the principal factor in maintaining the proper function of the body mechanisms. When your blood sugar or glucose is low, it can be detected easily. When you are low on glucose you cannot function properly.
The simplest form of carbohydrate is known as glucose, which means glucose is a monosaccharide. Glucose is not the only monosaccharide; others are ribose, galactose, and fructose. The body prefers to get its source of energy from glucose in the form of carbohydrates. your body can also use fats as a source of energy. Amino acids are used on special occasions like when you are fasting.
You can get glucose from dairy products, bread, vegetables, and fruits. As glucose is the energy source for the body, it is required to be taken in moderation to prevent high glucose levels in the body that can lead to further complications. The level of your blood sugar level can increase due to; stress, heavy meals, a sedentary lifestyle, missed diabetes injection or pills, and other illnesses.
Immediately you eat, your body starts the process of breaking down the glucose. Your pancreas produces insulin which helps in maintaining normal blood sugar levels in the body. If the pancreas cannot produce insulin, once you eat the blood sugar will rise to a high level. Those whose pancreas cannot produce insulin are known as diabetic patients and have to be taking insulin pills or injections when they eat to ensure proper regulation of blood sugar.
Monitoring glucose is very important especially for those with diabetes. If the level of your blood sugar is too high, insulin can help in regulating the level. If your glucose level is 70mg/dl it is considered to be low and it can be called hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia can be fatal if proper care is not taken. Drinking orange juice and eating food rich in carbohydrates can increase the level of your glucose.
Is Glucose An Amino Acid?
There are some break down of certain amino acids that results in glucose through a process called gluconeogenesis. Before the amino acids can be converted to glucose, they will first be converted into alpha-keto acids. Conversion of amino acids to glucose happens more during starvation, fasting, and catalysis. This means that your body converts amino acids to glucose to get energy when you do not eat for a long period.
We cannot say that glucose is directly an amino acid because it’s the breakdown of amino acids that might result in glucose. There are 13 glucogenic amino acids in the body and they are;
- Aspartic acid
- Glutamic acid
Is glucose an amino acid? No, it is directly an amino acid. Glucose is a carbohydrate that serves as a source of energy for the body. The metabolism of some amino acids results in glucose which the body can use as a source of energy when you do not eat for hours or if you are practicing intermittent fast. There are 13 glucogenic amino acids which means they can be converted into glucose and ready to be used as a source of energy for the body.